NINO3.4 Index

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  • NINO3.4
NINO3.4 Index

The NINO3.4 index is one of several El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) indicators based on sea surface temperatures.

NINO3.4 is the average sea surface temperature anomaly in the region bounded by 5°N to 5°S, from 170°W to 120°W. This region has large variability on El Niño time scales, and is close to the region where changes in local sea-surface temperature are important for shifting the large region of rainfall typically located in the far western Pacific.

An El Niño or La Niña event is identified if the 5-month running-average of the NINO3.4 index exceeds +0.4°C for El Niño or -0.4°C for La Niña for at least 6 consecutive months.

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Bussell Highway blues set to continue as wet weather causes delays to $85m road project

ABC image 03:06 AEST Main Roads says West Australia's wet winter has delayed more than a dozen road projects including a multi-million dollar upgrade to what's been described as WA "riskiest" country road.

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