|Chance of rainfall within district|
25% to 50%
50% to 75%
The hemispheric long wave pattern has been relatively fast moving in recent weeks. There are four main troughs. Currently the most significant troughs are near the longitudes of the southwest Indian Ocean, the Indian Ocean, New Zealand, and the southeast Pacific.
Over southern and eastern Australia the cold front events with potential to bring widespread rain are now expected about 28 September to 2 October, 11 October to 15 October, and 19 October to 23 October. Rain events originating in the tropics and moving south are possible about 2 October to 6 October, 7 October to 11 October, and 14 October to 18 October.
Over Western Australia the strongest cold fronts should occur about 26 September to 30 September, 13 October to 17 October, and 19 October to 23 October.
This forecast is produced by a multi-model ensemble consisting of dynamical atmospheric models, which are forced by the latest observed atmosphere, ocean, land and ice conditions. The models are designed to simulate features of the real atmosphere, including the daily movement of long and short wave patterns in the Southern Hemisphere.
The future probability of rain in each district is estimated using output from the multi-model ensemble, combined with historical information about the difference between the model forecasts and observed rainfall.
In this deterministic framework the skill of the forecast tends to decrease with time, however the forecasts are updated daily to provide the latest estimates of rainfall probability out to 28 days.
02:18 AEST Queensland researchers say whale watchers have reported fewer sightings this east coast migration season.